Life-threatening medical emergencies require instant help – specific actions and tasks that can save their lives. While taking them to a 24-hour emergency center as soon as possible is your top priority, there are specific actions you can take in the meantime to help them ease their pain. You don’t need to be a medical professional to do these tasks – you just need to keep a level head and work calmly.
This article presents the five major medical emergencies and how you can handle them to save a life. Read on to know more.
How To Handle Emergency Situations
- Heart Attack
Heart attacks are one of the most severe medical emergencies that a person can face. It occurs when the heart doesn’t get the blood it needs, leading to the death of several cells. Some of the heart attack symptoms include discomfort and pain in the chest, shortness of breath, numbness of the left arm, and profuse sweating.
If someone is experiencing a heart attack, they can be saved if they are bought into an emergency center within 90 minutes of the attack. While you arrange for the ambulance, make sure to give the patient an aspirin tablet. It can help reduce the risk of clot formation. You should also make them sit in a comfortable position. If the patient becomes unresponsive or has abnormal breathing, try hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Burns can occur due to explosion, fire, heat, or suicidal attempts. There are different actions to take during different burn scenarios –
- For burns due to heat, use cold water to relieve the pain. Don’t use ice blocks as it will cause more damage to the wound. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing.
- For electrical burns, turn off the main power immediately. It doesn’t cause much external burn, but internal damage will be. Provide CPR if required and get them to a hospital near me as fast as possible.
- If the burns are caused due to chemical spillage, clear off the chemicals as gently as possible with the help of gloved hands or with a cloth.
A stroke occurs when there is an inadequate blood supply to the brain. It can be caused due to clots or internal hemorrhage. Symptoms include a change in facial expression, drooping of the face, speech problems, incoherency, and blurry vision. During a stroke, there is nothing you can do directly. But you need to ensure that you take the patient to the emergency center within 3-4 hours to ensure their survival.
- Traumatic Head Injury
A traumatic head injury occurs when a heavy object hits one’s head very hard. It is a critical situation and needs to be handled with extreme care. Otherwise, it might lead to brain dysfunction or brain damage. If the patient feels any ringing in their ears, nausea, blurry vision, headache, loss of consciousness time and again, or memory loss, they need immediate medical attention.
In the meantime, check their blood and air circulation, make sure there is no breathing difficulty. If there is, start with CPR immediately. If they become unconscious, do not move them till a medical attendant arrives. Also, if there is swelling, use an ice pack, and if there is bleeding, firmly press 1-2 cloths on the wound.
Convulsions or seizures are uncontrollable, involuntary shaking of the muscle. Its symptoms include shaking the entire body, drooling, snorting, and abnormal eye movements. During this time, try to prevent any further damage but move them as little as possible. Also, ensure that their airways remain unobstructed. Lose any tight clothing near their neck and avoid putting anything in their mouth.
These emergencies can arise anytime. The best way to make sure that you go to a reliable emergency clinic on time is to keep track of the emergency centers near you. Just type emergency room near me and make a list of all available emergency care in and around you. This can help you save precious time later on.
A medical emergency can arise at any point, anytime. And the situations mentioned above are life-threatening. Thus it is always advisable to know the primary forms of handling and recovery for such emergencies. It can save someone’s life while you take them to an emergency center in Texas. We hope this article provides you with helpful information to help your loved ones during medical situations.